Georgia People of Color Genealogy

Regardless of how you call your ancestors of color- black, African American, free persons of color, colored, mulatto, mixed, Negro-discover your family history at We know tracing an ancestor of color can be a long, arduous journey. This website is dedicated to the genealogy of Georgia former slaves and free persons of color.

Georgia, the last of the 13 original colonies, did not allow slavery when it was established in 1733. However in 1750, the prohibition against slavery was lifted. The colonists needed a workforce and so they turned to slavery. Georgia's black population at that time was estimated at 1000. Slavery flourished, and by 1790, Georgia had over 25,000 slaves and 398 free blacks or persons of color. Over 400,000 Georgia slaves were granted their freedom on January 1, 1863.

I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated States and parts of States are and henceforward shall be free…

Abraham Lincoln
Emancipation Proclamation

The 1870 federal census was the first to enumerate former slaves by name. Prior to that year,census slave schedules only recorded age, sex and race for slaves. Earlier censuses enumerated free persons of color just like their white counterparts. In 1870, Georgia census takers enumerated over 500,000 persons as black or mulatto.

Last updated:17-January-2022
Webmaster: Suzanne Pearson
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